Tibetan Sacred Space Research Guide: Gender and Sacred Space

Gender and Tibetan Sacred Space

For discussions of gender-related issues in the context of Tibetan sacred spaces, see the following resources (and additional titles in their footnotes).



Havnevik, Hanna. "On Pilgrimage for Forty Years in the Himalayas: The Female Lama Jetsun Lochen Rinpoche's (1865-1951) Quest for Sacred Sites." In Pilgrimage in Tibet, edited by Alex McKay. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, 1998. 

Link to book in CLIO: https://clio.columbia.edu/catalog/2140687


Huber, Toni. "Why Can't Women Climb Pure Crystal Mountain? Remarks on Gender, Ritual and Space in Tibet." In Tibetan Studies. Proceedings of the 6th Seminar of the International Association for Tibetan Studies, Fagernes 1992, ed. by P Kvaerne (Oslo, Institute for Comparative Research in Human Culture, 1994): volume 1: pages 350-371.


Makley, Charlene. Gendered boundaries in motion: Space and identity on the Sino‐Tibetan frontier.

American ethnologist, 2003. Link via Wiley Online Library


Makley, Charlene. Gendered Practices and the Inner Sanctum: The Reconstruction of Tibetan Sacred Space in" China's Tibet". The Tibet Journal, 1994. Link via JSTOR.


Kelsang Norbu and C.K. Stuart, "An A mdo Tibetan Woman’s Life and Religious Practice," Studiea Orientalia, 113 (2013): 47-62.


Spengen, Wim van. On the geographical and material contextuality of Tibetan pilgrimage. Chapter 2 in Pilgrimage in Tibet, edited by Alex McKay. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, 1998. Link to the book in CLIO: https://clio.columbia.edu/catalog/2140687


Recommended search: Use EBSCO to search resources indexed by the Bibliography of Asian Studies.



Huber, Toni.  The Cult of Pure Crystal Mountain : Popular Pilgrimage and Visionary Landscape in Southeast Tibet. (see especially the discussion starting on page 91).

Makley, Charlene E. The violence of liberation: gender and Tibetan Buddhist revival in post-Mao China.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 2007.

Schaeffer, Kurtis R. Himalayan Hermitess: The Life of a Tibetan Buddhist Nun. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.