Arnold A. Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies: Citing Sources

Guide to research in the area of war and peace.


There are different styles of citation, American Psychological Association (APA) is recommended for social science. If you are not assigned a style for your assignment, it does not matter what you use as long as you are consistent and use the same style through out. You will use in-line citations and a reference list at the end of your work

We cite to avoid plagiarism

All knowledge is built from previous knowledge. As you research, you create your own ideas based off of what you have read or watched. When you put your ideas on paper, you must distinguish between the building block ideas borrowed from other people by citing the sources that inspired your line of inquiry. Readers should be able to find each source you have mentioned through your accurate citations.

Plagiarism happens when we copy/paste someone else's work directly in our own paper without citation or when we paraphrase someone else's work without attributing the idea to them. Paraphrasing counts as plagiarism.  

  • Other Resources:

Zotero: A tool we recommend

Zotero: A free open access citation management tool that you can download and use as a web browser widget. Already have Zotero and need some help? If you don't have time to meet with a librarian or go to a workshop, we highly recommend the Zotero resources

Citation management software makes mining and using information resources easier and more effective, helping you to:

  • Capture bibliographic and full-text information as you explore
  • Organize, evaluate, annotate, and search within your collection
  • Cite and list resources in a wide range of bibliographic styles as needed
  • Access the information on your desktop or online
  • Synchronize your data across multiple machines
  • Share your research with others