Evaluation of legislation within the government can take place in a number of agencies, for a variety of reasons. Within the agency most concerned with the legislation, there may be follow-up studies, additional research, Congressional testimony, etc. The agency web page is a good place to start -- look for terms like testimony, policy, research, evaluations, communications to Congress, etc.
There are some agencies which exist solely to serve as "watchdogs" of other agencies and their expenditures and policies.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) supports research designed to improve the quality of health care, reduce its cost, and broaden access to essential services.
Congressional Budget Office (CBO) provides Congress with objective, timely, nonpartisan analysis needed for economic and budget decisions and with the information and estimates required for the Congressional budget process.
Government Accountability Office (GAO) is the investigative arm of Congress. Charged with examining matters relating to the receipt and disbursement of public funds, GAO performs audits and evaluations of Government programs and activities. There are options to look at Reports and Testimony by date, topic and agency.
Nonprofit research centers are major players in the ongoing development of health care policy, at both the federal and state levels. Some of the prominent centers are:
- Alliance for Health Reform: Offers an exhaustive list of health care policy experts and their affiliations, along with phone numbers and Web addresses.
- Center for Health and Public Policy Studies: Provides data and organizes convenings that support public policies to develop an affordable, high-quality health care system.
- The Commonwealth Fund: A philanthropic foundation established in 1918 by Anna M. Harkness with the broad charge to enhance the common good. The fund's international program in health policy seeks to build a network of policy-oriented health care researchers whose multinational experience and outlook stimulate innovative policies and practices in the United States and other industrialized countries.
- Families USA: A good source for monitoring state health care activity, this site posts information about state programs and laws, and provides links to local consumer groups.
- Kaiser Family Foundation: The focus is on research and publication in its Health Policy program, whose major initiatives and focus areas include the Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, the Medicare Policy Project, the Changing Health Care Marketplace Project, minority health, HIV, and women's health policy.
- Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.: Offers useful data and analysis on Medicaid demonstration programs, managed care, mental health parity, rural health care, long-term care, substance abuse, and the state-based Children's Health Insurance Program.
- National Academy for State Health Policy: A non-profit, non-partisan organization dedicated to excellence in state health policy and practice. Conducts policy analysis, provides training, and more.
- National Health Policy Forum (NHPF): A bipartisan education and information exchange program primarily serving federal legislative and executive agency staff working in health care and related areas. Features information dissemination and discussion forum.
- Rand: A nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decision making through research and analysis.
- Urban Institute: The Urban Institute is a nonprofit policy research organization in Washington, D.C. This page provides access to a number of online health-related press releases, periodicals, and publications.