To find scholarly articles or studies, you will need to use a database (not CLIO). Scholarly journals are periodicals in which researchers publish articles on their work. Most often these articles discuss recent research. Journals also publish theoretical discussions and articles that critically review already published work. Scholarly journals are typically peer-reviewed journals.
Some search engines that search for periodical sources identify whether or not the sources are from peer-reviewed publications. On this page you will find a lot of options to start your research, but these are not all of the databases that you have access to as a Columbia University student! Explore the other research guides to find other databases for different disciplines, or make an appointment with a librarian.
International & Public Affairs students typically use ProQuest the most often.
Other useful interdisciplinary databases:
A note on Business Resources:
Occasionally, students studying International & Public Affairs need business resources. We have a very robust Business Library with a team of librarians. If you need remote Bloomberg access, you must email the Business Library directly. Additionally, this research guide is a good summary of resources. We have newly added some Harvard Business School Case Studies.