The United States Census Bureau conducts a variety of economic surveys including
The Bureau of Labor Statistics provides regional level statistics for a number of metro areas. The New York-New Jersey Information Office provides a number of statistics including employment, compensation, pricing and union membership.
The New York State Department of Labor produces a variety of regional level statistics for the NYC area including labor force, earnings, industry and firm level data.
ReferenceUSA is a comprehensive business directory for the United States.Information for every business location includes industry classification, management, annual revenues, and number of employees. The coordinates of each business are also included and the database allows for searching at a variety of geographic levels, including spatial queries. The historical businesses database includes archived versions of the data for select years. The libraries have purchased full archives of the data for 1997-2012 as well, if you want access to these years please reach out directly to Research Data Services to arrange an appointment.