Guide to European and UK Libraries, Archives and Research Centers: Guide to W. European Archives

Archive of European Integration

The Archive of European Integration at the University of Pittsburgh is a free comprehensive repository for research materials on the topic of European integration and unification. As of 2020, there are nearly 78,000 documents and counting.


Western European Archives



*If you are planning to go to Europe and conduct in-person research in a library or archive, please consult the EU’s Re-Open portal:

Choose a country, then click on Services, and then Guidelines for Libraries and Museums. Each country has different requirements, restrictions, and policies! Most COVID protocols have been lifted but it is important to verify before you schedule travel...

*Please contact Ian Beilin,, for further support and questions.

Research guide to libraries and archives in the Low Countries. Martha L. Brogan. New York, Greenwood Press, 1991.
Butler Reference R027.9B B78

Archives générales du Royaume (State Archives of Belgium)

Belgian Colonial Archives in Brussels

Meredith Levin,, is the subject specialist for Belgium.

Slovník pro historiky a návštěvníky archivů.  Václav Rameš. Praha,  Libri, 2005.
Butler Stacks CD1150 .R36 2005g

Vademecum soudobých dějin Česká Republika : průvodce po archivech, badatelských institucích, knihovnách, sdruženích, muzeích a památnícíc. Praha : Ústav pro soudobé dějiny AV ČR, 2005.
Butler Stacks CD1150 .V33 2005g

Rob Davis,, is the subject specialist for Czech Republic.

The Archives Nationales is responsible for preserving French government records and has many archival materials relating to private citizens. 

French army archives

Archives Nationales d'Outre-Mer preserves all of the French colonial archives.

Archives nationales du monde du travail is a branch of the Archives Nationales, though most of its archives are non-governmental.  It stores the archives of businesses, trades unions, associations and societies, and architects.

Bibliothèque nationale de France catalogue

Gallica, portal to digitized materials at the BnF

RetroNews, the official news site of the Bibliothèque nationale de France, offers 400 titles of the French press published from 1631 to 1950 plus editorial contents highlighting press archives and advanced research tools.

Guide des sources de la traite négrière, de l'esclavage et de leurs abolitions (in print)

Guide des sources de la Commune de Paris et du mouvement communaliste, 1864-1880 : Paris et Ile de France (in print)

Les Archives nationales : état général des fonds.  Jean Favier.  Paris, Archives nationales , 1978-1988.
Butler Reference R016.944 F84
t. 1. L'Ancien Régime.
t. 2. 1789-1940.
t. 3. Marine et outre-mer.
t. 4. Fonds divers et additions et corrections aux tomes I, II et III
t. 5. 1940-1958, fonds conservés à Paris.
(An exhaustive print guide to the contents of the Archives Nationales)

Les sources de l'histoire ouvrière, sociale et industrielle en France (XIXème et XXème siècles) : guide documentaire.  Michel Dreyfus.  Paris , Editions ouvrières, 1987.Butler Reference R331.8 D82

Guide des papiers privés d'époque révolutionnaire . Françoise Hildesheimer. Paris, Archives Nationales, 1987.
Butler Reference R016.944 H55

Guide des papiers des ministres et secrétaires d'Etat de 1871 à 1974. Chantal de Tourtier-Bonazzi  and  François Pourcelet . Paris, Archives nationales, 1984.
Butler Reference R016.944 F843

*Meredith Levin,, is the subject specialist for France.

The Bundesarchive houses the German federal archives, with material from the Middle Ages to the present.  ARGUS is its search engine.

Deutsche Archive im Internet is the list of official and unofficial German archives maintained by the Archivschule  in Marburg.

Zentrale Datenbank Nachlässe is an online guide to German personal papers held in German archives and in some foreign ones.

Deutsche Wirtschaftsarchive: Nachweis historischer Quellen in Unternehmen, Kammern und Verbänden der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Edited by Klara van Eyll . 2nd edition, Stuttgart : F. Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden, 1987-1991. 3 v.
Butler Stacks HC282.2 .D48 1994g

The GDR in German archives : a guide to primary sources and research institutions on the history of the Soviet zone of occupation and the German Democratic Republic, 1945-1990. Bernd Schäfer, Henning Hoff,  and Ulrich Mählert. Washington, D.C. : German Historical Institute, 2002.
Butler Reference R016.943087 Sch14

The records of German history in German and certain other record offices : with short notes on libraries and other collections = Die Archivalien zur deutschen Geschichte in deutschen und einigen anderen Archiven.  Butler Reference, 301, R016.943 H11

Archives in Germany: an introductory guide to institutions and sources Butler Stacks CD1220 .A78 2001g

German History in Documents and Images (from the German Historical Institute in Washington, D.C.)

German Colonial History online

*also reach out to Ian Beilin,, the Librarian for German Studies!

Ottoman Studies and archives in Greece: Butler Stacks DR438.95.G7 B35 2003g

Archival repositories in the Balkan states: Butler Offsite 025.171 Un3434

General State Archives in Greece

*Karen Green, klg19@columbia, is the subject specialist for Greece.



Directory of Irish archives.  Edited by Seamus Helferty.  Portland, Oregon. Four Courts Press, 2011.
Butler Reference CD1100 .D57 2011

Church of Ireland Records: Butler Stacks CD1118.5.A1 R34 2000

The National Archives of Ireland

Irish Archives Resource (portal that links to archives across Ireland)

*John Tofanelli,, is the subject specialist for Ireland.

Archivio centrale dello Stato are the main national archives of Italy.  However, the provinces have their own state archives, which have much historical information.

Guida generale degli archivi di Stato italiani. Piero D'Angiolini. Rome, Ministero per i beni culturali e ambientali, Ufficio centrale per i beni archivistici, 1981-1994.
Butler Reference R016.945 G94

Vatican Archives : an inventory and guide to historical documents of the Holy See. New York, Oxford University Press, 1998.
Butler Reference R016.945 V456

Extensive list of archives across Italy

*Meredith Levin,, is the subject specialist for Italy.

Research guide to libraries and archives in the Low Countries. Martha L. Brogan. New York, Greenwood Press, 1991.
Butler Reference R027.9B B78

National Archives of The Netherlands

Central Bureau voor Genealogie (genealogical/family research in The Netherlands)

*Meredith Levin,, is the subject specialist for The Netherlands.

*Socrates Silva,, is the subject specialist for Spain, Portugal, Latin America, and the Caribbean.

State Archives of the Russian Federation

The National Library of Russia

Access to Russian Archives is a freely available online resource containing descriptions of approximately 80,000 archival fonds from more than 20 guidebooks on Russian federal archives and 40 regional archives published from 1987 to 2004. 

ArcheoBiblioBase: archives in Russia. A brief guide to over 50 major Russian archives located in Moscow and St. Petersburg, based on:

Archives of Russia : a directory and bibliographic guide to holdings in Moscow and St. Petersburg. Edited by Patricia Kennedy Grimsted. Armonk, N.Y , M.E. Sharpe, 2000.
The descriptions in the printed guide are more complete, but the online catalog is more up to date.
Butler Reference Desk R016.947 G8851

Archives and manuscript repositories in the USSR, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Belorussia. Patricia Kennedy Grimsted. Princeton, N.J., Princeton University Press, 1981.
Butler Reference R016.947 G883

A microfiche collection of finding aids for archives and manuscripts from Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Belorussia, based on the Grimsted catalog, is in the Microform Reading Room at MICFICHE FX3 1973.

*Rob Davis,, is the subject specialist for Russia and the Soviet Union.

National Historical Archives of Spain

Guía de los archivos y las bibliotecas de la Iglesia en EspañaLeón,  Asociación Española de Archiveros Eclesiásticos, 1985.
v. 1. Archivos
v. 2. Bibliotecas, personal
Butler Stacks CD1878.A1 G85 1985

Archival resources on Spain in CLIO

Spanish National Library

*Socrates Silva,, is the subject specialist for Spain, Portugal, Latin America, and the Caribbean.


Swiss Federal Archives

Other archives in Switzerland

Guides and inventories for Swiss archives

*For help with French Swiss archives, contact Meredith Levin, For help with German Swiss archives, contact Ian Beilin,