Histories of Poverty in Africa: CLIO Searching & Primary Sources?

General Tips on Searching in CLIO

  1. Reference works or statistical publications -- in print or electronic

       

    • Combine name of country or language or ethnic group as “Subject” -AND- another term as a “Subject”….such as:

      bibliography | handbooks | statistics | atlas -or- maps

      biography | congresses (for conferences) | dictionaries | grammar

     
  2. Historical sources—published

       

    • Combine name of country --or-- name of region ("East Africa" ; "West Africa'" ; "Southern Africa" ; etc., ) with “Subject” keywords like:

      “economic development” | “economic conditions” | “women in development“

      “poverty“ | “slavery“ | “colonialism“ | “refugees“ | “land“ | “drought“ | “famine“

      “history“ | “agriculture“ | “labor or labour“ | “ rural -or- urban“ | “migration“

      “trade“ | “ecology -or- environment“ | “description and travel“
    •  

    • Colonial government publications

      Search [name of the colonial territory], Great Britain Colonial Office, France, etc. as “Author” or “All Fields”

     

Primary Sources?

  • Autobiographies and memoirs
     
  • Historical newspapers
     
  • Unpublished government records & published government reports
     
  • Ethnographic surveys & case studies
     
  • Travellers’ accounts & descriptions
     
  • International organization & national NGO reports based on field investigations
     
  • RECOMMENDATION: Routinely search & read articles in the back issues of journals, especially: