War, Peace, Humanitarianism, & International Interventions in Africa: Books

Selected Books in English

General and Comparative

  • Adebajo, Adekeye. UN peacekeeping in Africa: from Suez to the Sudan conflicts. (Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2011)
    --See also: E-book
  • Advocacy in conflict : critical perspectives on transnational activism. Ed. by Alex de Waal, with Jennifer Ambrose, Casey Hogle, Trisha Taneja and Keren Yohannes. (London, UK : Zed Books, 2015)
    --See also: E-book
  • Africa and the responsibility to protect : Article 4(h) of the African Union Constitutive Act. Ed. by Dan Kuwali and Frans Viljoen. (Abingdon, Oxon : Routledge, 2014)
  • Africa in the new international order: rethinking state sovereignty and regional security. Ed. by Edmond J. Keller and Donald Rothchild. (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1996)
  • Africa in world politics : constructing political and economic order. Ed. by John W. Harbeson and Donald Rothchild. 6th ed. (Boulder, CO : Westview Press, [2017])
    --See also: E-book
    --Plus: 4th ed. (2009) -and- 5th ed. (2013)
  • Africa's new peace and security architecture: promoting norms, institutionalizing solutions. Ed. by Ulf Engel and João Gomes Porto.  (Surrey, England, UK; Burlington, Vermont: Ashgate Pub. Co., 2010)
    --See: E-book
  • Africa's peacemakers : Nobel Peace laureates of African descent. Ed. by Adekeye Adebajo. (Cape Town : Centre for Conflict Resolution ; London : Zed Books, [2014])
    --See also: E-Book
  • African conflict resolution: the U.S. role in peacemaking. Ed. by David R. Smock and Chester A. Crocker. (Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace Press [USIP], 1995)
  • African guerrillas. Ed. by Christopher Clapham. (Bloomington, Ind. : Indiana University Press, 1998)
  • African guerrillas: raging against the machine. Ed. by Morten Boas and Kevin C. Dunn. (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2007)
  • The African Union: autocracy, diplomacy, and peacebuilding in Africa. Ed. by Tony Karbo and Tim Murithi. (London : I.B. Tauris ; Cape Town, South Africa : Published in association with the Centre for Conflict Resolution, 2018)
  • Anstey, Mark. Negotiating conflict: insights and skills for negotiators and peacemakers. (Kenwyn, South Africa : Juta, 1991)
  • Barnett, Michael N. Empire of humanity : a history of humanitarianism. (Ithaca, N.Y. : Cornell University Press, 2011)
    --See also: E-book
  • Berman, Nina. Impossible missions? : German economic, military, and humanitarian efforts in Africa. (Lincoln : University of Nebraska Press, c2004)
  • Bøås, Morten. The politics of conflict economies : miners, merchants and warriors in the African borderland . E-book. (Oxfordshire, England ; New York, New York : Routledge, 2015)
    --See also: E-book (via Proquest)
  • Boone, Catherine. Property and political order in Africa : land rights and the structure of politics. (New York : Cambridge University Press, 2014)
    --See also: E-book
  • The causes of war and the consequences of peacekeeping in Africa. Ed. by Ricardo René Laremont. (Portsmouth, New Hampshire: Heinemann, 2002)
  • Comprehending and mastering African conflicts: the search for sustainable peace and good governance. Ed. by Adebayo Adedeji. (London : Zed Books, in association with The African Centre for Development and Strategic Studies, 1999)
  • Conflict in Africa. Ed. by Oliver Furley. (London : I.B. Tauris, 1995)
  • Continental Meeting of African Experts on Small Arms and Light Weapons. Small Arms and Light Weapons in Africa: illicit proliferation, circulation and trafficking: proceedings of the OAU Experts Meeting and International Consultation May-June 2000. Compiled by Eunice Reyneke. (Pretoria, South Africa: Institute for Security Studies, c2000)
  • De Waal, Alex. Famine crimes : politics & the disaster relief industry in Africa. (Bloomington, Ind. : Indiana University Press, 1997)
    --See also: 1998 ed.
  • Dealing with conflict in Africa: the United Nations and regional organizations. Ed. by Jane Boulden. (Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire, UK ; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003)
  • Ending Africa's wars: progressing to peace. Ed. by Oliver Furley and Roy May. (Aldershot, Hampshire, England; Burlington, VT: Ashgate, c2006)
    --See also: E-book
  • Forsythe, David P. The humanitarians : the International Committee of the Red Cross. E-book. (Cambridge, UK ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2005)
  • Fortna, Virginia Page. Does peacekeeping work? : shaping belligerents' choices after civil war. (Princeton : Princeton University Press, c2008)
  • From the ground up: land rights, conflict and peace in Sub-Saharan Africa. Ed. by Chris Huggins and Jenny Clover. (Pretoria: Institute for Security Studies, c2005)
    -- See also: From the Ground Up (multilple PDF files)
  • Getting in: mediators' entry into the settlement of African conflicts. Ed. by Mohammed O. Maundi [et al.] (Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2006)
  • The history and practice of humanitarian intervention and aid in Africa. Ed. by Bronwen Everill and Josiah Kaplan. (Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave Macmillan, 2013)
    --See also: E-book
  • Holmén, Hans. Snakes in paradise : NGOs and the aid industry in Africa. (Sterling, VA : Kumarian Press, 2010)
  • Honwana, Alcinda Manuel. Child soldiers in Africa. (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, c2006)
    -- See also: E-book
  • Humanitarian photography : a history. Ed. by Heide Fehrenbach and Davide Rodogno. (New York : Cambridge University Press, 2015)
    --See also: E-book
  • Ibhawoh, Bonny. Human rights in Africa. (Cambridge, United Kingdom ; New York, NY : Cambridge University Press, 2018)
  • Ibhawoh, Bonny. Imperialism and human rights : colonial discourses of rights and liberties in African history. (Albany, NY : State University of New York Press, c2007)
  • Managing conflicts in Africa's democratic transitions. Ed. by Akanmu G. Adebayo. (Lanham, Md. : Lexington Books, c2012)
  • Marriage, Zoë. Challenging aid in Africa : principles, implementation, and impact. (New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2006)
  • Medical humanitarianism : ethnographies of practice. Ed. by Sharon Abramowitz and Catherine Panter-Brick. (Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press, [2015])
  • Mehari Taddele Maru. The Kampala Convention and its contributions to international law : legal analyses and interpretations of the African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons. E-book. (The Hague, The Netherlands : Eleven International Publishing, [2014])
    --See also: Offsite print copy
  • Mutwol, Julius. Peace agreements and civil wars in Africa : insurgent motivations, state responses, and third-party peacemaking in Liberia, Rwanda, and Sierra Leone. (Amherst, N.Y. : Cambria Press, c2009)
  • Peacebuilding, power, and politics in Africa . Ed .by Devon Curtis and Gwinyayi A. Dzinesa. (Athens : Ohio University Press, c2012.
    --See also: E-book
  • Peace operations in the Francophone world: global governance meets post-colonialism. Ed. by Bruno Charbonneau and Tony Chafer. (London ; Burlington, VT : Routledge, 2014)
  • Peace versus justice? : the dilemma of transitional justice in Africa. Ed. by Chandra Lekha Sriram and Suren Pillay. (Oxford : James Currey, 2010)
  • Peacekeeping in Africa. Ed. by Oliver Furley and Roy May. (Aldershot, England: Ashgate, 1998)
  • Postconflict reconstruction in Africa. Ed. by Ahmad A. Sikainga and Ousseina Alidou. (Trenton NJ : Africa World Press, c2006)
  • Refugee rights : ethics, advocacy, and Africa. Ed. by David Hollenbach. (Washington, D.C. : Georgetown University Press, c2008)
    --See also: E-book
  • Regional organizations in African security. Ed. by Fredrik Söderbaum and Rodrigo Tavares. (London : Routledge, 2011)
  • Regionalism and human protection : reflections from Southeast Asia and Africa. E-book. Ed. by Charles T. Hunt, Noel M. Morada. (Leiden ; Boston : Brill Nijhoff, [2019])
  • Richards, Paul, Ebola : how a people's science helped end an epidemic. E-book. (London : Zed Books, 2016)
  • Reno, William. Warlord politics and African states. (Boulder, Colo.: Lynner Rienner Publishers, 1998)
  • The resolution of African conflicts: the management of conflict resolution and post-conflict reconstruction. Ed. by Aldred Nhema and Paul Tiyambe Zeleza. (Addis Ababa: Ossrea; Oxford: James Currey; Athens, OH: Ohio University Press; Pretoria: Unisa Press, 2008)
    -- See also: E-book
  • The roots of African conflicts: the causes and costs. Ed. by Alfred Nhema and Paul Tiyambe Zeleza. (Oxford: James Currey; Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press; Pretoria: UNISA Press, 2008)
    -- See also: E-book
  • Rothchild, Donald. Managing ethnic conflict in Africa: pressures and incentives for cooperation. (Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution, 1997)
  • Salgado, Sebastião. Sahel : the end of the road. Series in contemporary photography; no. 3. (Berkeley, CA : University of California, [2004])
  • Scarcity and surfeit: the ecology of Africa’s conflicts. Ed. by Jeremy Lind and Kathryn Sturman. (Pretoria: Institute for Security Studies; [Nairobi]: Africa Centre for Technology Studies, 2002)
    -- See also: Scarcity and surfeit (multiple PDF files)
  • Schmidt, Elizabeth. Foreign intervention in Africa after the Cold War : sovereignty, responsibility, and the war on terror. Athens, Ohio : Ohio University Press, [2018]
    --See also: E-book
  • Self-determination and national unity: a challenge for Africa. Ed. by Francis M. Deng. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, c2010)
  • Self-determination and secession in Africa : the post-colonial state. Ed. by Redie Bereketeab. Abingdon, Oxon : New York, NY : Routledge, 2015.
    -- See also: E-book
  • Smock, David R. Making war and waging peace: foreign intervention in Africa. (Washington, DC: USIP, 1993)
  • Sovereignty as responsibility : conflict management in Africa. Ed. by Francis M. Deng et al. (Washington, DC : Brookings Institution, c1996)
  • Towards an African peace and security regime: continental embeddedness, transnational linkages, strategic relevance. Ed by Ulf Engel and João Gomes Porto. (Surrey, England, UK; Burlington, Vermont: Ashgate Pub. Co., 2013)
  • Towards sustainable peace: the theory and practice of preventive diplomacy in Africa. Ed. by Hussein Solomon. (Pretoria: Africa Institute of South Africa, 2003)
  • Traditional cures for modern conflicts: African conflict "medicine". Ed. by I. William Zartman. (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2000)
    --See also: E-book
  • Understanding civil war: evidence and analysis, vol. 1: Africa. Ed. by Paul Collier. (Washington, DC: The World Bank, 2005)
    -- See also: E-book
  • The United Nations, security and peacekeeping in Africa. E-book. With contributions by Kwesi Aning, Linea Bergholm, and Andreas Mehler. (Uppsala, Sweden: Dag Hammarskjold Foundation, 2008)
  • War and peace in Africa. Ed. by Toyin Falola and Raphael Chijioke Njoku. (Durham, N.C.: Carolina Academic Press, c2010)
  • Wezeman, Pieter D., Siemon T. Wezeman, Lucie Béraud-Sudreau. Arms flows to sub-Saharan Africa. E-book. (Solna, Sweden : Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, [2011])
  • Who fights? who cares? : war and humanitarian action in Africa. Ed. by Alex De Waal. (Trenton, NJ : Africa World Press, c2000)
  • Zartman, I. William. Ripe for resolution: conflict and intervention in Africa. Updated edition. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989)
  • Zones of conflict in Africa: theories and cases. Ed. by George Klay Kieh, Jr. and Ida Rousseau Mukenge. (Westport, Conn. : Praeger, 2002)
    -- See also: E-book
  • Central Africa

  • The African stakes of the Congo War. Ed. by John Frank Clark. (New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2000)
  • Autesserre, Séverine. Peaceland : conflict resolution and the everyday politics of international intervention. (New York : Cambridge University Press, 2014)
    -- See also: E-book
  • Autesserre, Séverine. The trouble with the Congo : local violence and the failure of international peacebuilding. (Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2010)
    --See also: E-book
  • Baaz, Maria Eriksson and Maria Stern. Sexual violence as a weapon of war? : perceptions, prescriptions, problems in the Congo and beyond. (London ; New York : Zed Books ; New York : Distributed in the United States of America exclusively by Palgrave Macmillan, 2013)
  • Bornkamm, Paul Christoph. Rwanda's Gacaca courts : between retribution and reparation. (Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2012)>
    --See also: E-Book
  • Conflict and peacebuilding in the African Great Lakes Region. Ed. by Kenneth Omeje and Tricia Redeker Hepner. (Bloomington, Ind. : Indiana University Press, [2013])
  • Dunn, Kevin C. Imagining the Congo : the international relations of identity. (New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2003)
    --See also: E-book
  • Forgotten war : Democratic Republic of the Congo. [Compiled by] Ron Haviv, ... [et al.]. (Millbrook, N.Y. : de.Mo (Design Method of Operation) , c2005)
  • Fujii, Lee Ann. Killing neighbors : webs of violence in Rwanda. (Ithaca : Cornell University Press, 2009)
    --See also: E-book
  • Hochschild, Adam. King Leopold's ghost : a story of greed, terror, and heroism in colonial Africa (Boston : Houghton Mifflin, c1998)
  • Kisangani, Emizet F. Civil wars in the Democratic Republic of Congo, 1960-2010. (Boulder : Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2012)
    --See also: E-book
  • Making sense of the Central African Republic. Ed. by Tatiana Carayannis and Louisa Lombard. London : Zed Books, 2015.
  • Mamdani, Mahmood. When victims become killers: colonialism, nativism, and the genocide in Rwanda. (Princeton, N.J., Princeton University Press. 2001)
    -- See also: E-book
  • Nest, Michael Wallace, François Grignon, and Emizet F. Kisangani. The Democratic Republic of Congo: economic dimensions of war and peace. (Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc., 2006)
  • New Sudan in the making?: essays on a nation in painful search of itself. Ed. by Francis M. Deng. Trenton, NJ: Red Sea Press, c2010.
  • Prunier, Gérard. Africa's world war: Congo, the Rwandan genocide, and the making of a continental catastrophe. (Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2009)
    --See also: E-book
  • The recurring Great Lakes crisis: identity, violence and power. Ed. by Jean-Pierre Chrétien and Richard Banégas. (London : Hurst & Co., 2008)
  • Renton, Dave, David Seddon, and Leo Zeilig. The Congo: plunder and resistance. (London; New York: Zed Books; New York: Distributed by Palgrave Macmillan, 2007)
    --See also: E-book
  • Reyntjens, Filip. The great African war: Congo and regional geopolitics, 1996-2006. (Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009)
  • Security dynamics in Africa's Great Lakes region. Ed. by Gilbert M. Khadiagala. (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2006)
  • Soderlund, Walter C. ...[et al.] Africa's deadliest conflict : media coverage of the humanitarian disaster in the Congo & the United Nations response, 1997-2008. (Waterloo, Ont. : Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2012)
  • Straus, Scott. The order of genocide: race, power, and war in Rwanda. (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2006)
    -- See also: E-book
  • Trefon, Theodore. Congo masquerade : the political culture of aid inefficiency and reform failure. (London ; New York : Zed Books, c2011)
  • Turner, Thomas. The Congo wars: conflict, myth and reality. (London; New York: Zed Books Ltd.; New York: Distributed in the USA by Palgrave Macmillan, 2007)
  • War and peace in Africa's Great Lakes Region. Ed. by Gilbert M. Khadiagala. Cham, Switzerland : Palgrave Macmillan, [2017].
    --See also: E-book
  • Eastern Africa (including the Horn of Africa)

  • Bradbury, Mark. Becoming Somaliland. (London: Progressio; Oxford: In association with James Currey; Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2008)
  • Branch, Adam. Displacing human rights : war and intervention in northern Uganda. (Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, c2011)
    --See also: E-Book
  • Bruton, Bronwyn E. Somalia: a new approach. (New York: Council on Foreign Relations, Center for Preventive Action, 2010)
  • Copnall, James. A poisonous thorn in our hearts : Sudan and South Sudan's bitter and incomplete divorce. (London : Hurst & Company, 2014)
  • Darfur and the crisis of governance in Sudan: a critical reader. Ed. by Salah M. Hassan, Carina E. Ray. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press [Amsterdam]: Prince Claus Fund Library, 2009.
  • Deng, Francis Mading. Sudan at the brink : self-determination and national unity. (New York : Fordham University Press and The Center for International Health and Cooperation, c2010)
    -- See also: E-book
  • Deng, Francis M. War of visions: conflict of identities in the Sudan. (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 1995)
  • Elmi, Afyare Abdi. Understanding the Somalia conflagration : identity, political Islam and peacebuilding. (London ; New York : Pluto Press ; Oxford : Pambazuka Press ; New York : Distributed by Palgrave Macmillan, 2010)
  • Flint, Julie and Alex de Waal. Darfur: a new history of a long war. Rev. and updated ed. (London; New York: Zed Books, 2008)
  • Franks, Suzanne. Reporting disasters : famine, aid, politics and the media. (London : Hurst, 2013)
    --Includes case study of press coverage on Ethiopia
  • Globalizing Somalia : multilateral, international, and transnational repercussions of conflict. Ed. by Emma Leonard and Gilbert Ramsay. (New York, NY : Bloomsbury Academic, 2013)
  • Healy, Sally. Hostage to conflict : prospects for building regional economic cooperation in the Horn of Africa. (London : Royal Institute of International Affairs, 2011)
    -- See also: E-book
  • Hirsch, John L. and Robert B. Oakley. Somalia and Operation Restore Hope: reflections on peacemaking and peacekeeping. (Washington, D.C. : United States Institute of Peace Press, 1995)
  • Idris, Amir H. Conflict and politics of identity in Sudan. (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, c2005)
    -- See also: E-book
  • Iyob, Ruth and Gilbert M. Khadiagala. Sudan: the elusive quest for peace. (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2006)
  • Johnson, Douglas H. The root causes of Sudan's civil wars : peace or truce. Rev. ed. (Woodbridge, Suffolk : James Currey ; Rochester, NY : Boydell & Brewer ; Kampala : Fountain Publishers, 2011)
  • Johnson, Douglas H. When boundaries become borders : the impact of boundary-making in Southern Sudan's frontier zones. E-book (London : Rift Valley Institute, 2010)
  • Jok, Jok Madut. Sudan: race, religion and violence. (Oxford: Oneworld, 2007)
  • Kidane Mengisteab. The Horn of Africa. Hot spots in global politics. (Cambridge, UK : Polity Press, 2014)
  • LeRiche, Matthew and Matthew Arnold. South Sudan : from revolution to independence. (London : Hurst, 2012)
  • Mamdani, Mahmood. Saviors and survivors: Darfur, politics, and the War on terror. New York: Pantheon Books, c2009.
  • Mampilly, Zachariah Cherian. Rebel rulers: insurgent governance and civilian life during war. (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2011)
    -- See also: E-book
  • Maxwell, Daniel G. and Nisar Majid. Famine in Somalia : competing imperatives, collective failures, 2011-12. (London : Hurst & Company, 2016)
    --See also: E-book
  • Mending rips in the sky: options for Somali communities in the 21st Century. Ed. by Hussein M. Adam and Richard Ford. (Lawrenceville, N.J. : Red Sea Press, 1997)
  • Menkhaus, Kenneth John. Somalia: state collapse and the threat of terrorism. (Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2004)
  • Natsios, Andrew S. Sudan, South Sudan, and Darfur : what everyone needs to know. (New York : Oxford University Press, c2012)
  • Prendergast, John. Crisis response : humanitarian band-aids in Sudan and Somalia. (London ; Chicago, Ill. : Pluto Press : With Center of Concern, 1997)
  • Prendergast, John. Frontline diplomacy : humanitarian aid and conflict in Africa. (Boulder, Colo. ; London : Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1996)
  • Prunier, Gérard. Darfur: the ambiguous genocide. Rev. and updated ed. (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2007)
    -- See also: 3rd ed. (2008)
  • Rawlence, Ben. City of thorns : nine lives in the world's largest refugee camp. (New York : Picador, [2016])
  • Somalia at the crossroads: challenges and perspectives in reconstituting a failed state. Ed. by Abdulahi A. Osman & Issaka K. Souaré. (London: Adonis & Abbey, 2007)
    -- See also: E-book
  • Shay, Shaul. Somalia between jihad and restoration. (New Brunswick, N.J. : Transaction Publishers, c2008)
  • Sudan after separation : new approaches to a new region. Ed .by the Heinrich Böll Foundation and Toni Weis. (Berlin, Germany : Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung, 2012)
  • Thomas, Edward. South Sudan : a slow liberation. (London : Zed Books, 2015)
  • War destroys, peace nurtures: reconciliation and development in Somalia. Ed. by Richard Ford, Hussein M. Adam & Edna Adan Ismail. (Lawrenceville, N.J. : Red Sea Press, 2004)
  • War in Darfur and the search for peace. Ed. by Alex de Waal. (Cambridge, MA: Global Equity Initiative, Harvard University; [London]: Justice Africa, 2007)
  • Williams, Paul D. Fighting for peace in Somalia : a history and analysis of the African Union Mission (AMISOM), 2007-2017. (Oxford, United Kingdom : Oxford University Press, 2018)
  • Woodward, Peter. US foreign policy and the Horn of Africa. (Aldershot, England; Burlington, VT,: Ashgate, c2006)
    -- See also: E-book
  • Southern Africa

  • Anstee, Margaret Joan. Orphan of the cold war : the inside story of the collapse of the Angolan peace process, 1992-93. (New York : St. Martin's Press, 1996)
  • Austin, Kathi. Invisible crimes: US private intervention in the war in Mozambique. Ed. by William Minter. (Washington, DC: Africa Policy Information Center, c1994)>
  • Brittain, Victoria. Death of dignity : Angola's civil war. (London; Chicago: Pluto Press, 1998)
  • Cliffe, Lionel et al. The transition to independence in Namibia. (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1994)
  • Crocker, Chester A. High noon in southern Africa: making peace in a rough neighborhood. (New York: Norton, 1992)
  • Davidow, Jeffrey. A peace in southern Africa: the Lancaster House Conference on Rhodesia, 1979. (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1994)
  • Davies, Robert H. South African strategy towards Mozambique in the "accord phase" from March 1984 to September 1985. (Roma, Lesotho: Institute of Southern African Studies, 1991)
  • Disengagement from Southwest Africa: the prospects for peace in Angola and Namibia. Ed. by Owen Ellison Kahn. (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, c1991)
  • The dynamics of change in southern Africa. Ed. by Paul B. Rich. (London: Macmillan, 1994)
  • Estermann, Carlos. The ethnography of southwestern Angola. 3 v. Ed. by Gordon D. Gibson. (New York: Africana Publishing, 1976)
  • Finnegan, William. A complicated war: the harrowing of Mozambique. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992)
  • Haines, Richard Wheeler and G. Wood. Mozambique's democratic transition: the 1994 elections and beyond. (Port Elizabeth, South Africa: Institute for Planning Research, University of Port Elizabeth, (1995))
  • Hume, Cameron. Ending Mozambique's war. (Washington, DC: USIP, 1994)
  • Issacman, Allen F. and Barbara Issacman. Mozambique: from colonialism to revolution, 1900-1982. (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1983)
  • James, Martin W. A political history of the civil war in Angola, 1974-1990. (New Brunswick, N.J., U.S.A. : Transaction Publishers, c1992)
  • Khadiagala, Gilbert M. Allies in adversity : the frontline states in southern African security, 1975-1993. (Athens : Ohio University Press, c1994)
  • Maier, Karl. Angola: promises and lies. (London: Serif, 1996)
  • Minter, William. Apartheid's contras: an inquiry into the roots of war in Angola and Mozambique. (Atlantic Highlands, NJ : Zed Books, 1994)
  • Namibia's liberation struggle: the two-edged sword. Ed. by Colin Leys and John S. Saul. (London: James Currey, 1995)
  • Ncube, M.M. Destabilization of Angola and its implications for decolonization of Namibia: the role of South Africa and the USA. (Roma, Lesotho: Institute of Southern African Studies, 1991)
  • Ncube, M.M. USA and South African militarism: an instrument against national liberation, democracy, and development in southern Africa.. (Roma, Lesotho: Institute of Southern African Studies, 1991)
  • Nordstrom, Carolyn. A different kind of war story. [Mozambique] (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1997)
  • Ohlson, Thomas and Stephen John Stedman; with Robert Davies. The new is not yet born: conflict resolution in southern Africa. (Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution, 1994)
  • Prospects for peace and development in southern Africa in the 1990s: Canadian and comparative perspectives. Ed. by Larry A Swatuk and Timothy M. Shaw. (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1991)
  • South Africa’s role in conflict resolution and peacemaking in Africa. Edited by Roger Southall. (Cape Town: HSRC Press, 2006)
  • Spikes, Daniel. Angola and the politics of intervention: from local bush war to chronic crisis in southern Africa. (Jefferson, NC : McFarland & Co., 1993)
  • Stedman, Stephen J. Peacemaking in civil war: international mediation in Zimbabwe. (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1990)
  • Stremlau, John. A house no longer divided: progress and prospects for democratic peace in South Africa: a report to the Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict. (Washington, DC: Carnegie Commission of New York, July 1997)
  • Tamarkin, M. The making of Zimbabwe : decolonization in regional and international politics. (London, England ; Savage, MD : F. Cass, 1990)
  • Vines, Alex. Angola and Mozambique: the aftermath of conflict. (London : Institute for the study of conflict, 1995)
  • Vines, Alex. Renamo: from terrorism to democracy in Mozambique. Rev. and updated ed. (York, U.K.: Centre for Southern African Studies, University of York; Amsterdam: Eduardo Mondlane Foundation in association with James Currey, London, 1996)
  • War and peace in Southern Africa: crime, drugs, armies, and trade. Ed. by Robert I. Rotberg and Greg Mills. (Washington, D.C. : Brookings Institution Press, ; Cambridge, Mass. : World Peace Foundation, c1998)
  • The war within : new perspectives on the civil war in Mozambique, 1976-1992. Ed. by Eric Morier-Genoud, Michel Cahen & Domingos Manuel do Rosário. (Suffolk ; Rochester, NY : James Currey, 2018)
  • Wright, George. The destruction of a nation: United States' policy towards Angola since 1945. (London: Pluto Press, 1997)
  • West Africa

  • Aboagye, Festus B. ECOMOG: a sub-regional experience in conflict resolution, management, and peacekeeping in Liberia. (Accra : SEDCO, 1999)
  • Adebajo, Adekeye. Building peace in West Africa: Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea-Bissau. (Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner Publishers, c2002)
  • Adebajo, Adekeye. Liberia's civil war: Nigeria, ECOMOG, and regional security in West Africa. (Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2002)
  • Asare, Abena Ampofoa. Truth without reconciliation : a human rights history of Ghana. (Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press, [2018])
  • Beah, Ishmael. A long way gone: memoirs of a boy soldier. (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2007)Community cohesion in Liberia: a post-war rapid social assessment. Compiled by Paul Richards [et al.] ( Washington, DC: The World Bank, 2005)
  • Conflicts and security governance in West Africa. Ed. by Abdul Raufu Mustapha. (Lagos, Nigeria : Malthouse Press Ltd : CLEEN foundation, 2013)
  • Conteh-Morgan, Earl and Mac Dixon-Fyle. Sierra Leone at the end of the twentieth century: history, politics, and society. (New York: P. Lang, c1999)
  • Dunn, D. Elwood. Liberia and the United States during the Cold War : limits of reciprocity. (New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2009)
  • Ellis, Stephen. The mask of anarchy: the destruction of Liberia and the religious dimension of an African civil war. (New York: New York University Press, 1999)
    -- See also: Revised & updated edition, 2007
  • Gbowee, Leymah. Mighty be our powers : how sisterhood, prayer, and sex changed a nation at war : a memoir. With Carol Mithers. (New York : Beast, c2013).
    --See also: 2011 ed.
  • Gould, Michael. The struggle for modern Nigeria : the Biafran war, 1967-1970. (London ; New York : I.B. Tauris : Distributed ... by Palgrave Macmillan, 2012)
    -- See also: E-book
  • Governance as conflict management : politics and violence in West Africa. Ed. by I. William Zartman. (Washington, D.C. : Brookings Institution Press, [1997])
  • Heerten, Lasse. The Biafran War and postcolonial humanitarianism : spectacles of suffering. (Cambridge, United Kingdom ; New York, NY, USA : Cambridge University Press, 2017)
    --See also: E-book
  • Indigenous conflict management strategies in West Africa : beyond right and wrong. Ed. by Akanmu G. Adebayo, Brandon D. Lundy, Jesse J. Benjamin, and Joseph Kingsley Adjei. (Lanham : Lexington Books, [2015])
    --See also: E-book
  • Kabia, John M. Humanitarian intervention and conflict resolution in West Africa : from ECOMOG to ECOMIL. (London ; New York : Routledge, 2016)
    --See also: E-book
  • Mann, Gregory. From empires to NGOs in the West African Sahel : the road to nongovernmentality. (New York, NY, USA : Cambridge University Press, 2015)
    --See also: E-book
  • McGovern, Mike. Making war in Côte d'Ivoire. (Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 2011)
  • Moran, Mary H. Liberia: the violence of democracy.. (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, c2006)
  • Olonisakin, 'Funmi. Peacekeeping in Sierra Leone: the story of UNAMSIL. (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2008)
  • Postcolonial conflict and the question of genocide : the Nigeria-Biafra war, 1967-1970. E-book. Ed. by A. Dirk Moses, Lasse Heerten. (London : Routledge, 2017)
    --See also: E-book (Taylor & Francis)
  • Richards, Paul. Fighting for the rain forest : war, youth & resources in Sierra Leone. (Oxford : International African Institute in association with James Currey ; Portsmouth, N.H. : Heinemann, 1996)
  • Rossi, Benedetta. From slavery to aid : politics, labour, and ecology in the Nigerien Sahel, 1800-2000. (New York, NY : Cambridge University Press, 2015)
    --See also: E-book
  • Uzoigwe, G. N. Visions of nationhood : prelude to the Nigerian Civil War. (Trenton, NJ : Africa World Press, c2011)
  • Wai, Zubairu. Epistemologies of African conflicts : violence, evolutionism, and the war in Sierra Leone. (New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2012)
  • West Africa’s security challenges: building peace in a troubled region. Ed. by Adekeye Adebajo, Ismail Rashid. (Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2004)
  • Yoder, John C. Popular political culture, civil society, and state crisis in Liberia. (Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 2003)